Iowa State Gazetteer and Business Directory 1884-1885

Ainsworth. A village on Long Creek, and on the S.W. div. C., R.I. & P. Ry, in Oregon Township, Washington county, 90 miles from Des Moines, and 7 1/2 east of Washington, the county seat and nearest banking point. It contains a flour mill, United Presbyterian church (many Hunters were Presbyterians), and a weekly newspaper, the Sentinel, is published. Population, 350. Tel., W.U. Exp. , U.S. Mail, daily. W. A. Walker, postmaster

Hunter listed:

Hunter, George, livery

My hunter mothers

Iva Virginia Watkins (1920-1983)

Honor Nettie Herndon (1896-1980)

Mary Jane Meadows (1866-1944)

Mary Louise Abbott (1830-1920)

Barbara Lugar (1796-1870)

Mildred Lewis (1755-1840)

Frances Mortimer (1725-1774)

Elizabeth Cunninghame (1680-1746)

Isabella Elizabeth Semple (1660-1730)

Elizabeth Craufurd (1620-1679)

Jean Cunningham (1587-)

Marion Hamilton (1567-1616)

Janet Neil (1537-1632)

Marion Hamilton (1515-1595)

Janet Montgomerie (1495-)

Margaret Cathcart (1478-1546)

Naming My hunter fathers

Narvard Hunter (1916-1999)

John Wesley Hunter (1889-1971)

James Hunter (1859-1935)

Samuel Elijah Hunter (1829-1894)

William Hunter (1793-1862)

Robert Hunter (1755-1828)

John Hunter (1710-1774)

William Thomas Hunter (1686-1742)

Hugh Hunter (1655-1732)

Robert Hunter (1613-1679)

Patrick Huntar (1591-1665)

William Huntar (1560-)

James Huntar (1537-1581)

Kentigern Mungo Huntar (1515-1547)

Robert Huntar (1495-1546)

John Huntar (1474-1513)

Scotland Marriages 1561-1910 ~ Hugh hunter

Hugh Hunter married Janet Pratt on June 18, 1819

Hugh Hunter married Margaret McCubbin on November 11, 1842

Hugh Hunter married Jane Law on December 30, 1864

Hugh Hunter married Janet Ferguson on January 7, 1817

Hugh Hunter married Margaret Jane Hunter on June 4, 1849

Hugh Hunter married Agnes McMaster on July 7, 1849

Hugh Hunter married Bethia McMilan on January 23, 1866

Hew Hunter married Janet Falconer on April 21, 1811

Hunters in the Military

Many Hunters were Scottish supporters of James VII called Jacobites and their armies regularly went to battle wearing tartan kilts. During the early 16th century this was a Highland dress. These kilts were 12-yard swaths of cloth that could be draped around the body. The garment, which could be looped and knotted to create different outfits to accommodate the Highland weather. The kilt as a symbol of Scottish dissent. After the Jacobites lost their nearly 60-year-long rebellion at the Battle of Culloden in 1746, England instituted an act that made tartan and kilts illegal.

Punishment was severe if caught wearing a kilt. For the first offense, a kilt-wearer could be imprisoned for six months without bail. On the second offense, he was “to be transported to any of His Majesty’s plantations beyond the seas, there to remain for the spaces of seven years.

In 1782 the British government lifted the 35-year-old ban.

The Hunter Jacobites

  1. Adam Hunter, excise officer Montrose, prisoner there.
  2. Henry Hunter, Newton of Arbirlot, soldier of Ogilvy’s Regiment
  3. James Hunter, in Cotton of Letham, St Vigeans, soldier of Ogilvy’s Regiment
  4. John Hunter, in Newton of Arbirlot, soldier of Ogilvy’s Regiment
  5. James Hunter, son of John Hunter in Newbigging, St Vigeans, soldier of Ogilvy’s Regiment

Famous Hunter ~~ John Hunter

John Hunter (1728-1793) John Hunter Scientist and Surgeon
John Hunter was born in 1728 on a Scottish farm on the outskirts of Glasgow; the youngest of 10 children.  He received little in the way of a formal education and dropped out of school at the age of 13 years.  Despite this background he was to become one of the of the most influential British surgeons of the 18th century.  In 1748, he wrote to his brother William, an anatomist and obstetrician, enquiring as to whether he could join him in London.  Later that year he began preparing anatomical dissections and within a year he was helping his brother teach anatomy.  John Hunter became an assistant to William Cheselden at the Chelsea Hospital  and in 1751 he was appointed apprentice to Sir Percival Pott at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital.  Between 1754 and 1756 he worked as a house surgeon at St. George’s Hospital.

In 1761, he developed pulmonary tuberculosis, a disease which was to affect him for much of his working life.  In order to improve his health he was commissioned as an army surgeon and was sent to France and Portugal for two years.  During this time he became familiar with the management of war wounds and their complications. In 1764, he returned to London where he set up his own anatomy school and started in private surgical practice.  His surgical career was slow to be established.   However, in 1767 he was elected as Fellow of the Royal Society and in 1768 he was appointed as surgeon to St. George’s Hospital.  He became a member of the Company of Surgeons but he was never to hold high office within the organisation.  

The written work produced by Hunter had a significant impact on medical practice of the time.  His first book, Natural History of Human Teeth, was published in 1771.  In it he clearly described dental anatomy and coined the terms bicuspids, cuspids, incisors and molars.  His second book, A Practical Treatise on the Diseases of Teeth, described dental pathology.  In 1786 he published A Treatise on Venereal Disease in which he described chancre and lymphogranuloma venereum. In The Digestion of the Stomach after Death (1772) he described shock and intussusception and in A Treatise on Blood, Inflammation and Gun-Shot Wounds (1794) he questioned the need to surgically enlarge gun-shot wounds and disproved the belief that gunpowder was poisonous.  In 1786 he was appointed deputy surgeon to the army and in 1789 he was made Surgeon General.  He described ligation of the femoral artery in the treatment of popliteal aneurysms.

The lack of a university education failed to lessen his contributions to surgery, medicine and science.  Many of these contributions were the result of clear and concise personal observations based on innumerable hours spent preparing anatomical dissections.  His anatomical and surgical teaching was held in high regard and his famous pupils include Benjamin Bell, Astley Cooper, Everard Home and Edward Jenner. 

Known as the father of scientific surgery, John Hunter was one of the first people to apply a rational and scientific approach to surgery. The Reluctant Surgeon Although there is no single medical or surgical advance that is credited to him, John Hunter greatly extended our understanding of disease processes making real inroads into areas such as inflammation, transplanting teeth, gunshot wounds and venereal disease.

He has been described as a ‘reluctant surgeon’ in that he would only operate when really necessary. Given the absence of anaesthetics and the dangers that attended surgery in the eighteenth century this was a sensible approach. John taught his students that surgery should only be attempted if the surgeon had a clear outcome in mind and that it would do the least amount of harm to the patient. This approach, of only operating- indeed conducting any treatment, on a rational basis coupled with his extensive anatomical studies is what gave him the accolade of father of scientific surgery.

A Bribe for a Body Although essentially a kind man, John Hunter was no saint, particularly when his curiosity drove him. He bribed a mourner to help him obtain the body of the 7 feet 7 inch Irish giant Charles Byrne for dissection (John was fascinated by the unusual). The unfortunate Irishman knew that John wanted his body and asked to be buried at sea to ensure that the grave robbers couldn’t get to him. He failed to take into account John’s determination and a mourner’s greed.

A Man with a Fierce Temper John had a fierce temper which, he thought, might one day kill him. In a heroic experiment to determine that nature of venereal disease, John purposefully inoculated himself with infected material from a sufferer. This gave him syphilis which over the years severely damaged his heart and the rest of circulatory system. John was well aware of the dangers this combination of a badly damaged heart and an uncontrollable temper, saying that ‘My life is at the mercy of any rogue who chooses to provoke me’.

This proved prescient. During an argument with fellow surgeons John collapsed never to regain consciousness. He died on 16th October 1793.

Much of what remains of John Hunter’s collection can be seen in the Hunterian Museum at the Royal College of Surgeons, London. If you can’t get there, the website has a virtual tour.

Lairds of Hunterston

1st Laird: William Venator (William The Hunter)

2nd Laird: Norman Venator (Hunter the Norman)

3rd Laird: Venator (The Hunter)

4th Laird: John Huntar

5th Laird: Ardneil (Arnele) Huntar

6th Laird: Norman Huntar

7th Laird: The Huntar

8th Laird: Aylmere Le Huntar

9th Laird: Huntar, Son of Aylmere.

10th Laird: William Huntar

11th Laird: Huntar

12th Laird: William Huntar

13th Laird: Archibald Huntar

14th Laird: John Huntar of Ardneil and Hunterstoune.

15th Laird: Robert Huntar of Huntarstoune.

16th Laird: Kentigern (Mungo) Huntar

17th Laird: Robert Huntar

18th Laird: Robert Huntar

19th Laird: Patrick Huntar

20th Laird: Robert Hunter (the spelling of the surname Huntar became Hunter)

21st Laird: Patrick Hunter

22nd Laird: Patrick Hunter

23rd Laird: Robert Hunter

24th Laird: Eleonora Hunter

25th Laird: Robert Caldwell Hunter

26th Laird: Jane Hunter

27th Laird: Aylmer Gould Hunter-Weston

The hereditary title passed back to the family of Eleonora Hunter, the sister of Jane. Eleanora had married a Robert William Cochran-Patrick in 1866. He was an M.P. for Bute and North Ayrshire ( 1880-1885 ) and the Under Secretary of State for Scotland ( 1897-1892 ). They had two children: William, who died while a student at Cambridge University in 1891 and Eleonora who married Neil Kennedy of Underwood in 1895 later to become Sir Neil James Kennedy-Cochran-Patrick K.B.E. Eleanora and Sir Neil had four children: William John Charles (d.1933), Eleonora (28th Laird), and twins Margaret Hamilton (d.1982) and Kathleen Agnes (d.1985).

28th Laird: Eleonora Hunter (born Eleanora Kennedy-Cochran-Patrick) She changed her name to Hunter and was granted the arms of Hunter of Hunterston in 1954.

29th Laird: Neil Aylmer Hunter a/k/a Neil Aylmer Kennedy-Cochran-Patrick. He was the father of our present Clan Hunter Chief.

Hunter Marriages

James Hunter married Mary Cowan June 28, 1822 in Ayr, Scotland.

John Hunter married Robina Maltman August 20, 1848 in Newton on Ayr, Scotland.

John Hunter married Jannet Donaldson June 6, 1789 in Ayr, Scotland.

John Hunter married Mary Hutchison July 18, 1818 in Newton on Ayr, Scotland.

John Hunter married Margaret Brown November 22, 1850 in Newton on Ayr, Scotland.

James Hunter married Ann Cumming September 9, 1825 in Newton on Ayr, Scotland.

John Hunter married Margaret Russel May 15, 1828 in Ayr, Scotland.

John Hunter married Margaret Reid January 2, 1841 in Ayr, Scotland.

Hunter family of buchanan parish, stirlingshire, scotland

The Hunter family was traced back to the parish of Buchanan (previously known as Inchcailloch) in Stirlingshire, Scotland. Records indicated that a number of individuals with the surname Hunter lived in the 1700s and were variously associated with the farms of Cassill (Cashell), Ardhills (Ardyle), Strathracashell, Balleconachie, Colrach and Creetichall.

Repositories: National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland), HM General Register House, 2 Princes Street, Edinburgh, EH1 3YY.

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